Mercury comes to a direct station this morning, ending a three week retrograde period. Stations always magnify or exaggerate the energies of the planet, and this can lead to mistakes as we don’t see the full picture, so it’s best to avoid major decision making today. It’s also important to try to avoid over-thinking to the point that our intuitive insight is ignored, and avoid focusing on the mechanics or superficial elements of communications so much that we fail to see intention. The Last Quarter Moon tonight can stimulate awareness of intimate needs that we may have been ignoring.
- The Moon is in Scorpio all day (until Thursday, February 12th, at 11:46 AM).
- The Moon is in its Waning Gibbous phase / Last Quarter phase from 10:51 PM forward.
- Last Quarter Moon occurs at 10:51 PM.
- The Moon is waning.
- Mercury turns direct today.
Mercury’s three-week retrograde period comes to an end today, dear Aries. Communications can remain confusing as Mercury changes direction, and perhaps even more so, before they begin to clear up. Even though today may be a little chaotic due to a tendency to over-think, this shift in direction can bring improved relations with friends and associates over the coming days and weeks. You are likely to dwell much less on the past, and to take more interest in making the most of what you have in the present. Plans that might have recently stalled could be resumed or scrapped – either way, it’s no longer up in the air and a decision can be made.
Mercury comes to the end of its three-week retrograde period this morning as it stations direct, dear Taurus. Over the coming days and possibly weeks, you can experience more clarity with long-term, career, or life-plan goals, as well as with your personal finances or valuables. Work projects or responsibilities can resume normal speed or pick up pace. Relationships with bosses or parents and with the public can improve. For now, however, while the shift occurs, we can be especially error-prone. Avoid situations where you may misrepresent yourself, or aim to be as clear as you can.
There is a tendency to be error-prone today, dear Gemini, with Mercury, your ruler, stationing before turning direct after a three-week retrograde period. This shift of directions can magnify problem areas. It can also mean you’re tuning in far too much to the details and facts of a situation, so much so that intuition takes a back seat and leaves you with less resources to make good decisions. Wait things out, if possible. Over the coming weeks, more clarity is likely in many areas of your life, and you can experience renewed confidence in yourself and your plans, as well as faith that life will supply you with what you need.
There is definitely such a thing as too much information, and when Mercury stations as it does today, it might lead to errors if we push decision making, dear Cancer. After three weeks of retrograde motion, Mercury begins direct motion this morning, and over the coming days and weeks, you’re likely to come to a clearer sense of what you want to do and where you want to go, particularly in an intimate relationship or concerning finances and support systems. A complicated matter may now begin to unravel. Some plans you’ve made recently may now seem less important or even necessary. Today, however, avoid jumping to conclusions and jumping into action, as you may not be in touch with your intuition, temporarily focusing too heavily on superficial information.
Mercury is ending its retrograde cycle today, dear Leo, and over the coming days and weeks, relationship endeavors, and relationships themselves, should resume “normal” speed. Friendships might also gain more clarity. Even so, while communication problems are likely to clear up soon, this won’t magically happen all at once. Be patient as recent problems begin to unravel in the coming days. Communicating with partners, and getting a clear understanding of where a partner stands, should be easier going forward, slowly but surely. Misunderstandings are still possible today, so take things slowly. Enjoy the upbeat energy of the day, miscommunications aside. Tonight, circumstances may be such that you gain new insight into a partnership or family matter.
Over the coming days and weeks, you’ll find that some plans or projects that have stalled begin to move forward, dear Virgo, with Mercury ending its retrograde period and turning direct today. Work projects that have stalled are likely to resume “normal” speed. While you should still be a little more careful in your communications today, and you should keep an extra eye on details that could be missed, more clarity is on its way in your work and with your health. Not all information is available to you at the moment, but some of the excess “traffic” clearing can help you feel more in command. For today, be as clear as you can in your communications, as we’re in a transition period. Save your energy.
Mercury stations today, dear Libra, as it changes direction – from retrograde to direct. While today and tomorrow may be a little chaotic, this shift in direction can eventually bring improved communications and more clarity in romantic as well as work matters in the coming days and weeks. Indecisiveness tends to clear up and disjointed ideas and projects come together. With the shift occurring today, some confusion remains. It’s best not to focus superficially on what is or isn’t said, and instead to have patience as problems unravel. Choose not to react too quickly to communications. Creative or romantic affairs, and possibly matters related to children, that have been stalling or stuck will begin moving forward. There can be less concern about the past and more inclination to live in the present when it comes to pursuing your passions.
We’ve come to the end of Mercury’s retrograde, dear Scorpio, and this can point to improved, or at least clearer, communications with family in the coming days and weeks. While you’re unlikely to see immediate results today, and in fact misunderstandings can be pronounced now at Mercury’s station, you can look forward to more clarity in your relationships soon. There is less focus on the past and more forward-looking energy in your life. In the coming days, plans or projects that you left on hold or that seemed to stall begin to make more sense and move forward. Recent ideas and revelations might start to come together now, while others might be scrapped if you’ve re-thought their viability.
With the planet of communication, Mercury, shifting directions from retrograde to direct, you’ll need to be especially sensitive when it comes to choosing your words to express yourself, dear Sagittarius. Many recent misunderstandings are likely to clear up in the coming weeks, but any transition or station has the effect of magnifying problem areas. It’s important to avoid focusing on superficial elements of conversations or the trivial side of matters. Conserve energy now. Over the coming days and weeks, you may be returning to previous conversations, projects, and interests that were confusing or that stalled, now with new insight.
After three weeks of retrograde (or apparent backwards) motion, the planet of communication, Mercury, is resuming direct motion this morning, dear Capricorn. This means that over the coming days and weeks, things seem to move forward at regular pace, particularly when it comes to finances, personal possessions, work, and income, and you can suffer less from indecisiveness. Business projects that were unfinished or put on hold might resume, after making important edits and refinements. You are clearer about what you want to do and where you want to head. However, with any station (Mercury stations today), misunderstandings tend to be pronounced. It’s a transition day, so conserve energy and observe rather than take decisive action with important matters.
Mercury turns direct this morning after three weeks of retrograde motion, dear Aquarius. While this is a signal that communication problems will be unraveling and clearing up, we can’t expect it to happen in a day, and in fact, there can be a temporary magnification of problem areas right now. You are likely to be clearer as Mercury moves forward in your sign. You begin to feel more in step with others and your personal environment. Problems expressing yourself or feeling misunderstood can also clear up in the coming days and weeks. Today, however, take extra care when communicating and avoid focusing on the superficial elements of conversations, situations, and systems, which is a strong tendency when Mercury stations as it does today, and which can lead to errors.
The planet of communication, Mercury, ends its three-week retrograde cycle this morning, dear Pisces. This means that over the coming days and weeks, communication problems will tend to resolve and a partnership may begin to move forward if it’s been in a slump. However, with the shift occurring right now (Mercury is at a station as it changes directions), there can be some confusion and possibly frustration with missed or confusing directions or a tendency to focus too heavily on superficial elements of plans and communications to the point that intuitive sense is ignored. Recent introspection and intuitive insight can be put into action in the coming days and weeks, although you’re still very much inclined to keep to yourself and to hold off on important decisions while Mercury continues to transit your privacy zone until March 12th.
Daily Horoscope page for Aries here, Daily Horoscope page for Taurus here, Daily Horoscope page for Gemini here, Daily Horoscope page for Cancer here, Daily Horoscope page for Leo here, Daily Horoscope page for Virgo here, Daily Horoscope page for Libra here, Daily Horoscope page for Scorpio here, Daily Horoscope page for Sagittarius here, Daily Horoscope page for Capricorn here, Daily Horoscope page for Aquarius here, Daily Horoscope page for Pisces here.
If Your Birthday is February 11th, If Today is Your Birthday full horoscope here.
If you’re astrologically inclined and interested in the details of the Astrology of today, here are the factors considered in the forecasts:
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 0:00 am
Event: Moon in Scorpio
Description: The Moon in Scorpio
Contemplate the deeper things in life. Avoid unnecessary conflict, but if it’s going to improve your life, go ahead and make waves. Tune in to your intuition. This is a good time for investigations, looking into a matter further, doing research, connecting to others with a shared passion, solving a mystery, and devising a strategy. When the Moon in Scorpio is strained, we may take our passions too far.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 10:49 pm
Event: Third Quarter at 23°Sc05′
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 3:51 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Sxt Cer
Description: Transiting Moon Sextile Transiting Ceres
We can be feeling pleasantly attached to, or supported by, our loved ones or family. We are seeking out security, nurturing, and warmth, and we are more likely to express these things towards others.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 4:48 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Qnx Ura
Description: Transiting Moon Quincunx Transiting Uranus
There can be vague insecurity stimulated now, as we feel a little out of control faced with unpredictable events or feelings. There may be a conflict between a desire for familiarity and comfort, and the need for a change or excitement.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 6:29 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Sxt Plu
Description: Transiting Moon Sextile Transiting Pluto
This can be a good time for getting loans, for taking care of business, and for dealing with money matters. It’s also good for getting in touch with feelings and managing them effectively. There can be a boost to our intimate life, creative impulses, and self-understanding. Events occurring now might involve some kind of karmic repayment or benefit. We could discover new information, hidden information, or a lost item. This is a time for recycling – seeing new uses for old items. True feelings come to the surface.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 8:52 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Tri Chi
Description: Transiting Moon Trine Transiting Chiron
There can be new or easy understanding of our feelings and impressions now. We have a greater understanding of, or compassion for, others’ plights. We are more emotionally present and involved. Synchronicity is a feature of our daily life right now. Tune in and enjoy the spiritual signposts.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 11:01 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Pll Sun
Description: Transiting Moon Parallel Transiting Sun
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 11:11 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Sqr Jup
Description: Transiting Moon Square Transiting Jupiter
We may not be very realistic right now – there can be some exaggeration. Minor annoyances are possible now. Contrariness or disagreements. This is not an ideal time for publicity, promotion, or legal matters. We can experience injustices. We are less inclined to consider the consequences of over-eating, over-drinking, or overdoing in general. This is a time to show some restraint. Grandiosity is not appreciated right now, and excess doesn’t go over well either. With a little self-control we can learn about what truly makes us happy.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 2:48 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Tri Ven
Description: Transiting Moon Trine Transiting Venus
We are less inhibited and more willing to indulge ourselves. Love and romance can be favorable. Decorating, beauty treatments, the arts, creative pursuits, parties, dates, and recreation are generally favored now. There is increased sensitivity, affection, and warmth. Love is grand! Affection, love, and romance are in the air.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 10:49 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Sqr Sun
Description: Transiting Moon Square Transiting Sun
This is a time for noticing discrepancies. Self-expression doesn’t flow well, and conflicts can be stirred. There can be some resistance and irritability. This can be a time when we’re compelled to take action, make changes, and solve problems.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 9:56 am
Event: Tr Mer D
Description: Transiting Mercury Stationary
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 10:05 am
Event: Tr-Tr Ven Cpl Jun
Description: Transiting Venus ContraParallel Transiting Juno
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 3:01 am
Event: Tr-Tr Nep Qnx Jun
Description: Transiting Neptune Quincunx Transiting Juno
There may be slight changes in relationships that have us concerned or feeling out of sync, although these may very well be changes in our perceptions (we may see elements that we previsously idealized in a partner in a less flattering light, for example). If we’ve been making too many sacrifices in a partnership, this can be an issue now.
Date & Time: 11 Feb 2015 11:03 pm
Event: Tr Nod R
Description: Transiting North Node Stationary
BALANCE OF SIGNS
Scores: Aries 1; Taurus 0; Gemini 0; Cancer 0; Leo 1; Virgo 0; Libra 0; Scorpio 3; Sagittarius 1; Capricorn 1; Aquarius 5; Pisces 5
Intense, magnetic, penetrating perception, power to confront. Can be destructive, vengeful, jealous, overly dramatic.
Humanitarian, innovative, group conscious, progressive, serving others. Can be rebellious, eccentric, aloof, emotionally superficial, overly extroverted.
Compassionate, sensitive, self-sacrificing, gentle, intuitive. Can be escapist, impractical, hyper- sensitive, gullible.
BALANCE OF ELEMENTS
Scores: Fire 3; Earth 1; Air 5; Water 8
There can be a lack of desire, interest, or skills regarding practical affairs. We may not be very much in touch with reality. Difficulties concentrating, grounding ourselves.
We are more compassionate, emotional, and intuitive than usual, and we may react emotionally to situations, possibly at the expense of logic or practicality.
BALANCE OF MODES
Scores: Cardinal 2; Fixed 9; Mutable 6
This is not a time that we tend to naturally initiate actions. We may be stronger at following up than starting anew. Survival mechanisms may be weaker now.
We are thinking about the long view, seeking out security and stability rather than change. We may be committed, focused, resistant to making changes, and stubborn.
LUNAR PHASE: DISSEMINATING
Moon 135 to 90 degrees behind the Sun.
Sharing our knowledge with the world is a major motivation at this stage. We believe we have gained much knowledge and wisdom through our experiences, and want to ensure others have the benefit as well.
The following aspects (major only) and positions are at noon (EST) on February 11th:
Note that when an aspect is Applying, it has not yet happened but is within orb – it’s pending. When an aspect is Separating, it has already happened/perfected and is moving away from the aspect. Depending on the speed of the planet/body involved, the aspect will have perfected, or will perfect, in a matter of hours (often the case with the Moon), days, months, and possibly years in the case of the very slow-moving outer planets and bodies.
Note that the Moon moves at a rate of approximately one degree every 2 hours, so that if an aspect involving is applying and has an orb of 5 degrees, the aspect will perfect (be exact) in about 10 hours. If the Moon is separating from an aspect with an orb of 2 degrees, it has already formed said aspect approximately 4 hours ago (since the following are positions at noon today, then it would have occurred at about 8 AM today).
**I suggest paying close attention to applying aspects. The energy of the aspect builds as it gets closer to exact. Once an aspect has happened, it’s over. Separating aspects are good to know for context, but in terms of energy that is with us today, applying aspects are most important. (This is the case for daily astrology influences, which pass quickly, and not natal astrology aspects, which are with us for a life time).
THE MOON IN SCORPIO
You have an emotional intensity, and a strong need for drama. Under stress you will create drama and intensity in your life. You may have been born at a time when your mother experienced a crisis, or your birth may have been traumatic. Your mother may have been possessive and intense.
ASPECTS OF THE MOON
SQUARE THE SUN Orb 5°14′ Applying
You feel an inner conflict between your nature and your emotional needs. Your parents may not have agreed on how to bring you up. The challenge is to trust your feelings and to be assertive. Find your own way in life, following neither Mother nor Father.
TRINE VENUS Orb 1°19′ Applying
You are pleasant and charming. You have a talent for harmonious relationships, for being able to achieve a balance of give and take in relationships, and for creating beauty around you. You have artistic and creative talents.
TRINE MARS Orb 6°11′ Applying
You are assertive and able to motivate yourself because you have self-confidence. You have the ability to recognise opportunities and make the most of them. You can rise to a challenge.
SQUARE JUPITER Orb 0°25′ Separating
You have a tendency to be apathetic and self-indulgent, preferring to ride on the camel’s back as it is more fun. You need to learn self-discipline to achieve your goals.
SEXTILE PLUTO Orb 2°51′ Separating
You have emotional power and can mould your life in the manner you choose.
TRINE CHIRON Orb 1°37′ Separating
You are a gifted healer. You are able to face the painful side of life and share your experiences in a loving manner. You feel compassion for others’ plights.
THE SUN IN AQUARIUS
You are unconventional, friendly, unpredictable and innovative. You like originality and may become rebellious.
23RD DEGREE OF AQUARIUS
Part of Body: Left gastroscnemius muscle
Sabian Symbol: A big bear sitting down and waving all its paws.
ASPECTS OF THE SUN
OPPOSITION JUPITER Orb 5°39′ Separating
You are restless and find it difficult to settle in one place. Your larger-than-life ideals stand in the way of you achieving your goals. Your challenge is to find a balance between stability and adventure. Then you will be able to reach all your goals.
MERCURY IN AQUARIUS
You are brimming with original and unique ideas. You enjoy exchanging ideas with other people, particularly friends and groups of people. You are an inventive thinker, and may rebel against old and traditional ideas.
2ND DEGREE OF AQUARIUS
Part of Body: Left tibial nerve
Sabian Symbol: An unexpected thunderstorm.
VENUS IN PISCES
You yearn to merge and be at-one with your partner. In fact you want to be at-one with the universe. You also enjoy sharing inspirational activities with your partner, ranging from listening to beautiful music to visiting an art gallery.
19TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Extensor muscles of left toes
Sabian Symbol: A master instructing his pupil.
ASPECTS OF VENUS
CONJUNCTION MARS Orb 4°51′ Applying
You are charming and assertive, passionate and alive. You love to share your adventures with loved ones, sometimes pushing them reluctantly in front. You have high expectations and can sometimes be disappointed in intimate relationships.
CONJUNCTION CHIRON Orb 2°56′ Separating
You have a childlike innocence in your personal relationships, which makes you vulnerable to emotional pain. You fear commitment and rejection. You may experience pain in early relationships, but this pain is usually healed giving you insight and wisdom in later personal relationships. You see the beauty in people who have been cast aside by others, and develop the ability to be a teacher or healer in intimate relationships.
MARS IN PISCES
You have a strong drive for a spiritual path. You have strong subconscious emotions, and are highly intuitive. You may resort to victim-like behaviour when faced with a threatening situation or person.
24TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Right distal tibio-fibular joint
Sabian Symbol: An inhabited island.
JUPITER IN LEO
You are benevolent, generous and fun loving. You are on an enthusiastic search for creative expression. You may also have a love of children.
17TH DEGREE OF LEO
Part of Body: Right auricle
Sabian Symbol: Volunteer church choir makes social event of rehearsal.
ASPECTS OF JUPITER
TRINE URANUS Orb 3°18′ Applying
You have an enormous ability and energy to achieve your goals. You set out to make changes in society and can do much. You avoid restriction and may live an unconventional life, breaking new ground in ways of living.
QUINCUNX PLUTO Orb 2°26′ Applying
You are enthusiastic about your ideals or your ideas. You will need to learn that others don’t always agree with you. They may not want you to help. They may not want to applaud your effort.
QUINCUNX CHIRON Orb 1°11′ Applying
You experience some tension when it comes to the spiritual side of life. You may doubt your own experiences. You need to reflect on your own wounds and learn from your experiences.
SATURN IN SAGITTARIUS
You may be committed to higher education and have a strict moral code. You are also an easygoing and optimistic worker.
5TH DEGREE OF SAGITTARIUS
Part of Body: Right femoral artery
Sabian Symbol: An old owl up in a tree.
ASPECTS OF SATURN
SQUARE NEPTUNE Orb 2°35′ Applying
You lack confidence in your artistic ability or in your relationships. Learn to believe in yourself and avoid being drawn into the psychic realms as you still have to learn how to deal with the practical side of life.
URANUS IN ARIES
(1928 – 1934) It is important to note that Uranus spends a long time in each sign, and therefore the interpretation applies to a generation rather than the individual. For a more individual interpretation look at the house position. This is the generation of initiative and spontaneity. It indicates the breaking down of old structures and the emerging of the new.
14TH DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Frontal lobes of brain
Sabian Symbol: A serpent coiling near a man and a woman.
ASPECTS OF URANUS
SQUARE PLUTO Orb 0°51′ Applying
Your generation works hard to use your power to right the wrongs you perceive in society. First you must learn to control that power in your own life.
CONJUNCTION THE SOUTH NODE Orb 2°33′ Separating
You have a tendency to seek excitement and scatter your energies. You have many unique talents, but need to develop discipline in order to make the most of them.
NEPTUNE IN PISCES
It is important to note that Neptune takes about 164 years to make a complete cycle, spending about thirteen years in each sign. Therefore the interpretation of Neptune in the Sign applies to a generation rather than the individual. For a more individual interpretation look at the house position. This generation may possess the ability to be at-one with God. They may be able to express their spirituality through visions and art. They may also be inspirational teachers, conscious of wholeness.
7TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Right talus
Sabian Symbol: A cross lying on rocks.
PLUTO IN CAPRICORN
It is important to note that Pluto takes about 248 years to make a complete cycle, spending 12 to 32 years in each sign. Therefore the interpretation of Pluto in its sign applies to a generation rather than the individual. For a more individual interpretation look at the house position. This is the generation of a change in world government. This generation will posses the ability to transform old structures into new and enduring ones.
15TH DEGREE OF CAPRICORN
Part of Body: Left knee cartilage
Sabian Symbol: Many toys in the children’s ward of a hospital.
ASPECTS OF PLUTO
SEXTILE CHIRON Orb 1°14′ Separating
You have the ability to be a catalyst in your daily life, helping others face and heal their emotional pain.
CHIRON IN PISCES
You will have difficulty gaining your own sense of individuality. You have an ability to feel others’ pain and may need to detach and meditate. You may also suffer from your own deep and personal grief. You may work for or serve within a healing institution.
16TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Cruciate ligaments of right foot
Sabian Symbol: In a quite moment, the flow of inspiration.
VESTA IN AQUARIUS
You work best in an atmosphere of freedom and have a tendency to escape from routine. You will have commitment to humanitarian or political causes which do not offend your sense of individuality.
8TH DEGREE OF AQUARIUS
Part of Body: Left saphenous veins
Sabian Symbol: Beautifully gowned wax figures.
PALLAS IN SAGITTARIUS
You possess the ability to see the big picture. You enjoy philosophical discussions and can include all cultures. You are a defender of truth.
18TH DEGREE OF SAGITTARIUS
Part of Body: Right femur
Sabian Symbol: Tiny children in sunbonnets.
JUNO IN LEO
You want to be proud of your partner, and for them to take pride in you. You want to have fun, romance, and creativity within your relationship.
7TH DEGREE OF LEO
Part of Body: Left coronary vein
Sabian Symbol: The constellations in the sky.
CERES IN CAPRICORN
You tend to look after yourself and others rather than seek nurturance. You feel nurtured when you achieve your ambitions. You teach others self-discipline and how to achieve their goals.
14TH DEGREE OF CAPRICORN
Part of Body: Right knee cartilage
Sabian Symbol: An ancient bas-relief carved in granite.
HYGEIA IN CANCER
Your health may be closely linked to your home environment. Any disruptions in the home may spark bouts of ill health. You may be concerned for your family’s health.
3RD DEGREE OF CANCER
Part of Body: Eighth rib
Sabian Symbol: An arctic explorer leads a reindeer through icy canyons.
ASTRAEA IN ARIES
You have an inability to let go of your independence. You want to continue doing things your own way when it is time to start co-operating.
17TH DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Vertebral canal
Sabian Symbol: Two prim spinsters sitting together in silence.
THE NORTH NODE
THE NORTH NODE IN LIBRA
This is a quest to learn co-operation. You have a tendency to want your own way and to force your opinions onto others. You need to develop selflessness, the ability to share and a sensitivity to the needs of other people.
12TH DEGREE OF LIBRA
Part of Body: Left renal system
Sabian Symbol: Miners emerging from a mine.
THE SOUTH NODE
THE SOUTH NODE IN ARIES
This is a quest to learn co-operation. You have a tendency to want your own way and to force your opinions onto others. You need to develop selflessness, the ability to share and a sensitivity to the needs of other people.
12TH DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Tongue
Sabian Symbol: A flock of wild geese.
*** ASPECTS TO FIXED STARS ***
Aspects to Mer 01°Aq18 -17°27′
Cnj 01°Aq59 ALTAIR To explore, to be bold.
Aspects to Ura 13°Ar40 +04°48′
Cnj 14°Ar30 ALPHERATZ Wanting freedom and movement.
Aspects to Plu 14°Cp32 -20°32′
Cnj 15°Cp31 VEGA Charismatic, magical.
Aspects to Chi 15°Pi46 -01°28′
Cnj 15°Pi30 ACHERNAR Risk of rapid endings.