Mercury turns direct today after a three-week retrograde stint that occurred entirely in the relationship-oriented sign of Libra. The shadow period extends to the 24th, but in the coming week, we’ll be experiencing forward movement on projects and ideas that may have stalled. Venus leaves its shadow period today after turning direct last month on the 6th. We have a beautiful upcoming Jupiter-Pluto trine, but before choosing to launch big projects, consider that Mercury is at a station and the Moon is waning.
- The Moon is in Virgo all day (until Sunday, October 11th, at 4:45 AM).
- The Moon is waning and in its Waning Crescent phase.
- A Last Quarter Moon occurred on the 4th and a New Moon will occur on the 12th.
- Venus turned direct on September 6th and ends its shadow phase today.
- Mercury turns direct today (Mercury was retrograde from September 17-October 9 in Libra).
- Venus spends its first full day in Virgo (Venus transits Virgo from October 8-November 8).
- Mean Moon’s Node enters Virgo tomorrow.
Times are EDT
Mercury’s three-week retrograde period comes to an end today, dear Aries, and Mercury will now move direct in your relationship zone, until November 2nd. Some relationship challenges or ambiguity can clear in the coming days and weeks. Remember, however, that communications can remain confusing as Mercury changes direction, and perhaps even more so. Slow down and get your facts straight today. Save the bigger decisions for a little later, and ease forward your projects. Going forward, relationship endeavors, and relationships themselves, should resume “normal” speed. Today is good for thinking breakthroughs on work projects and methods, and it’s also very strong for personal magnetism.
Mercury ends its retrograde cycle today, dear Taurus, and over the coming days and weeks, certain stalled projects begin to move forward or you are ready to make decisions on what to move forward and what to put behind you. You might also receive the news you’ve been waiting on, particularly related to money, work, and health. For today, be as clear as you can in your communications, as we’re in a transition period as the shift occurs. Emotionally speaking, today you are in no mood to deal with mundane affairs – you need some excitement and freedom of movement. Personal magnetism is strong today, and interactions can be animated, although you could be attracting some tension in love relationships.
Mercury, your ruler, comes to a station today, dear Gemini, as it changes direction – from retrograde to direct. While today may be a little chaotic, this shift in direction can bring improved communications, more decisiveness, and more clarity in romantic and creative affairs in the coming days and weeks. Today’s energy is a little withdrawn and contemplative, but lively nonetheless. Save important or tricky conversations for a better time. If you need to address issues, it is vital that you choose words carefully, as Mercury’s change in direction today can initially stimulate a fair amount of confusion. Be clear on directions and appointments as well.
The end of Mercury’s retrograde cycle can point to improved communications with friends and family in the coming days and weeks, dear Cancer. While you’re unlikely to see immediate results today, you can look forward to more clarity in your relationships going forward. You’re likely to return to previous conversations that were confusing or getting nowhere, this time with more clarity. It’s time to come at problems from a new angle. Some plans you’ve made recently may now seem less important or even necessary, and others deemed worthy to bring forward with you. Today, you can be excited about plans and news can come through that you’ve been waiting for.
Mercury ends its three-week retrograde cycle, stationing today in your communications sector, dear Leo. With direct motion, there can be forward motion in projects after possible delays or editing work. Over the coming days and weeks, you are likely to feel clearer headed and more decisive. Transportation, financial, and educational difficulties are likely to clear up, and friendships or group connections can be more straightforward. Today, you’ll need to be especially sensitive when it comes to choosing words to express yourself. Get back into things slowly but surely.
After three weeks of retrograde (or apparent backwards) motion, the planet of communication, Mercury, which happens to also be your ruler, begins to move forward today, dear Virgo. This means that over the coming days and weeks, tricky problems and indecisiveness will begin to clear up. You’re more likely to give off clear signals to others and less inclined to hesitate. As the shift occurs today. take special care in your interactions with others. You may be missing important details. More clarity is around the corner, particularly surrounding financial and business or career matters. Some projects or ideas could be scrapped, while others regain momentum. You’ll have lots of help from Venus, softening your manner and highlighting your more likable qualities.
Mercury turns direct today after almost three weeks of retrograde motion, dear Libra. While this is a signal that communication problems are likely to clear up soon, don’t expect it to happen all in one day! Slowly but surely, others will find it easier to understand and to communicate with you, and you with them. Part of the reason is that you and the people around you are likely to be clearer and more decisive. Some of the tension you have been feeling of late can dissipate as you take a clearer look at things. For now, take care with the words you choose to express yourself. Misunderstandings are quite possible as Mercury, the planet of communication, shifts directions today. Mercury will continue to move through your sign, now in direct motion, until November 2nd, and you are communicating with more presence and getting noticed for your ideas and intelligence. The Moon is in your privacy sector all day, and you’re likely to really benefit from some time to yourself detoxing from stressful situations.
The planet of communication, Mercury, ends its retrograde cycle today, dear Scorpio. Mercury has been moving through your privacy sector throughout this time, and will continue to do so, now in direct motion, until November 2nd. Over the coming days and weeks, recent communication problems will tend to clear up, although you’re likely to continue to do some ruminating. New information can come to light and you have a stronger sense of how to deal with troubling issues from the past. However, right now, with the shift occurring, there can be some confusion and possibly frustration. Avoid focusing on what’s said or not said today. Choose your battles carefully. A Venus-Mars parallel aspect can enliven your romantic or social connections.
Mercury’s three-week retrograde period comes to an end today, dear Sagittarius, and while the shift itself can cause some initial confusion, as you go forward, recent projects that have halted or slowed down may begin to move forward. Many recent misunderstandings are likely to clear up in the coming days and weeks. Avoid important conversations or sensitive topics just for the time being, as misunderstandings can be frustrating. Approach your projects slowly but surely, and relationships may require a little space as well before they regain momentum. Even so, this is a strong day for career thinking or method breakthroughs.
Mercury ends its three-week retrograde period today, dear Capricorn, and you’ll begin to feel the fog lifting in the coming days. You are likely to become clearer in your goals, and career matters tend to resume or pick up speed. For now, confused plans and communications are still likely, so be as clear as possible or avoid serious discussions temporarily, as any shift can have the effect of initially magnifying problem areas. However, with stimulating energy in your adventure sector and Mercury moving forward, this is an exciting period for learning, sharing, working, and connecting. You can feel especially hopeful and motivated today.
You may need to deal with communication or transportation breakdowns today, dear Aquarius, but while these things may have been more frequent in the past few weeks, many of these problems will begin to clear up over the coming days and weeks. Mercury turns direct today after just over three weeks of retrograde motion. Matters surrounding travel, education, creative direction, and romance are likely to become clearer and more straightforward. The Moon’s alignment with Jupiter and trine to Pluto today can promote some feeling of excitement and motivation for future plans. You can experience a breakthrough of sorts in thinking.
Watch for miscommunication and fuzzy thinking with Mercury coming to a station today, dear Pisces. The bigger decisions should probably wait for a clearer time. Financial matters are a bigger concern for you these days, but soon you will have a chance to see matters more clearly. This is also a good time for repairing relationship woes, if necessary, or of coming to a better understanding of your relationship situation. Recent dilemmas of an intimate or financial nature are set to smooth over or clear up in the coming days. There can be lively interactions today, but it’s better to keep things light just for now.
*Remember to read horoscopes for your Ascendant sign and Sun sign.
If Your Birthday is October 9th, If Today is Your Birthday full horoscope here.
If you’re astrologically inclined and interested in the details of the Astrology of today, here are some of the factors considered in the forecasts (for the astrology of the week, see This Week in Astrology):
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 0:00 am
Event: Moon in Virgo
Description: The Moon in Virgo
We crave organization and order, and are quickly disturbed by anything standing in the way of these things. This is a good time for chores, organizing, and tidying. It’s also a time for scheduling health appointments and checkups, starting new routines, and generally tending to details.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 6:12 pm
Event: Moon goes void of course
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 0:17 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Pll Jup
Description: Transiting Moon Parallel Transiting Jupiter
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 6:53 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Opp Nep
Description: Transiting Moon Opposition Transiting Neptune
We can be faced with confusing events, and we may not be seeing others clearly. People may be noncommittal, elusive, or absent when we need them. We are more vulnerable and sensitive. Moods are hard to define. Honor your need to feed your more refined or spiritual side, and the difficult feelings will soon fade away.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 7:48 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Pll Ura
Description: Transiting Moon Parallel Transiting Uranus
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 10:05 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Cnj Mar
Description: Transiting Moon Conjunction Transiting Mars
Emotions are all-consuming. We desire adventure, change, and action. We can be hasty and rash, but if we use common sense as well, it can be a good time for getting the courage to do something brave. Instinctive reactions are quick. Courage, mon brave! Make those quick decisions. It’s a time for showing leadership skills.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 10:28 am
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Cpl Sun
Description: Transiting Moon ContraParallel Transiting Sun
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 3:50 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Sqq Cer
Description: Transiting Moon SesquiSquare Transiting Ceres
There may be difficulties giving or receiving affection, care, concern, and nurturing.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 5:23 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Cnj Jup
Description: Transiting Moon Conjunction Transiting Jupiter
We want to do good and to honor our inner code. We are generous with our energy, time, and money. Our feelings expand or are magnified, for better or for worse. It’s generally a good time to teach, learn, write, express ourselves, reach out, travel, publish, and promote. We may go over the top.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 6:12 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Mon Tri Plu
Description: Transiting Moon Trine Transiting Pluto
This can be a good time for getting loans, for taking care of business, and for dealing with money matters. It’s also good for getting in touch with feelings and managing them effectively. There can be a boost to our intimate life, creative impulses, and self-understanding. Events occurring now might involve some kind of karmic repayment or benefit. We could discover new information, hidden information, or a lost item. This is a time for recycling – seeing new uses for old items. True feelings come to the surface.
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 10:57 am
Event: Tr Mer D
Description: Transiting Mercury Stationary
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 1:14 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Ven Pll Mar
Description: Transiting Venus Parallel Transiting Mars
Date & Time: 9 Oct 2015 12:41 pm
Event: Tr-Tr Chi Pll Nod
Description: Transiting Chiron Parallel Transiting North Node
Meticulous, discriminating, pure, practical, health conscious, hard working. Can be hyper-critical, petty and perfectionistic.
Even-handed, harmonious, artistic, diplomatic, balancing, strong sense of fairness. Can be over- compromising, appeasing, judgmental.
BALANCE OF ELEMENTS
We are not very goal-oriented right now, or motivation to pursue our goals may be waning/lacking. Changes feel overwhelming. Enthusiasm may be low, we argue less, and we think more than we take action.
We are especially in touch with the physical world. We consider what we’ve learned and experienced in the past in order to make the most of the present. We can be cautious, practical, and possibly unimaginative. We are deliberate and can pace ourselves well. We need hands-on experience and are not impressed with theory as much as we are with results. Routines are tolerable and comforting.
There may be some insensitivity or lack of empathy now. We may be out of touch with what we’re feeling or with our emotional needs. We may be tougher than usual now, and more inclined to follow mental or practical considerations than we are to listen to our intuition.
BALANCE OF MODES
We may be open to change but may not have much follow-through.
We are flexible, adaptable, willing, open to change, and possibly flighty or nervous.
LUNAR PHASE: BALSAMIC
Moon less than 45 degrees behind the Sun.
Time to tie up loose ends, review, reflect, let go, and edit.
The following aspects (major only) and positions are at noon (EDT) on October 9th:
Note that when an aspect is applying, it has not yet happened but is within orb – it’s pending. When an aspect is separating, it has already happened/perfected and is moving away from the aspect. Depending on the speed of the planet/body involved, the aspect will have perfected, or will perfect, in a matter of hours (often the case with the Moon), days, months, and possibly years in the case of the very slow-moving outer planets and bodies.
Note that the Moon moves at a rate of approximately one degree every 2 hours, so that if an aspect involving is applying and has an orb of 5 degrees, the aspect will perfect (be exact) in about 10 hours. If the Moon is separating from an aspect with an orb of 2 degrees, it has already formed said aspect approximately 4 hours ago (since the following are positions at noon today, then it would have occurred at about 8 AM today).
**I suggest paying close attention to applying aspects. The energy of the aspect builds as it gets closer to exact. Once an aspect involving inner planets has happened, it’s over. Separating aspects are good to know for context, but in terms of energy that is with us today, applying aspects are most important. (This is the case for daily astrology influences involving inner planets, which pass quickly, and not natal astrology aspects, which are with us for a life time).
THE MOON IN VIRGO
We have an emotional need for order with the Moon in Virgo. Diet, nutrition, health matters, work, and routines are in stronger focus. If we’re feeling out of sorts emotionally, we might also experience symptoms on a physical level now.
ASPECTS OF THE MOON
CONJUNCTION MARS Orb 0°53′ Separating
Emotions are all-consuming. We desire adventure, change, and action. We can be hasty and rash, but if we use common sense as well, it can be a good time for getting the courage to do something brave. Instinctive reactions are quick.
CONJUNCTION JUPITER Orb 2°36′ Applying
We want to honor our inner code. We are generous with our energy, time, and money. Our feelings expand or are magnified, for better or for worse. It’s generally a good time to teach, learn, write, express ourselves, reach out, travel, publish, and promote. We may go over the top, however.
OPPOSITION NEPTUNE Orb 2°31′ Separating
We may be looking for emotional happiness outside of ourselves, and have a tendency to glamorize the past or what we don’t currently have. We can be more vulnerable now.
TRINE PLUTO Orb 3°03′ Applying
We can be quite focused now, driven by our goals and ambitions and motivated to put problems behind us. We might happily pour ourselves into a current passion or interest, and could find it easy to get to the bottom of things.
OPPOSITION CHIRON Orb 8°02′ Applying
We may be projecting our own issues onto others now, and could be defensive or feel that others are insensitive to our feelings and needs. We might experience a conflict between wanting to be close to others and desiring to prove our independence, making intimacy a challenge right now.
THE SUN IN LIBRA
You are diplomatic, and have a strong need for peace and harmony. Beauty is important to you, and you could be vain.
17TH DEGREE OF LIBRA
Part of Body: Suprarenal arteries
Sabian Symbol: A retired sea captain.
ASPECTS OF THE SUN
OPPOSITION URANUS Orb 2°33′ Applying
We may want to break free from restrictions or responsibilities, but if we aren’t in touch with this, we could cause some problems. There could be restlessness and rebellious feelings. We don’t want to be told what to do. Exercising some restraint can help us to make needed changes.
SQUARE PLUTO Orb 3°00′ Separating
We may be tempted to control or manipulate events and people, and can have difficulty reaching a compromise. We might need to reevaluate expectations, face our fears, manage power struggles, and deal with urges to control others and situations.
QUINCUNX CHIRON Orb 1°57′ Applying
We could misjudge our capabilities now and might end up pushing ourselves or others to a point where we feel hurt, rejected, or crticized. Or, we might struggle with a situation where we may need to humble ourselves. People or circumstances may seem to be exposing or playing on our vulnerabilities.
MERCURY IN LIBRA
You are a diplomat and peacemaker, often acting as a go-between in relationships. You a good communicator, putting others at their ease. Arguments may upset you, as you prefer harmony in communications.
1ST DEGREE OF LIBRA
Part of Body: Renal pelvis
Sabian Symbol: A butterfly made perfect by a dart through it.
ASPECTS OF MERCURY
SEXTILE SATURN Orb 0°53′ Separating
We are seeing our priorirites, taking things seriously, and applying ourselves to important matters. We are drawn to activities that are purposeful and practical. We can be conservative and cautious with our methods, opinions, learning, believing, and communicating. Thoroughness.
CONJUNCTION THE NORTH NODE Orb 0°07′ Separating
Important contacts can be made with people who share our intellectual interests or who introduce us to new ideas that help us to grow, improve, and expand. Projects prove successful right now, particularly those involving teamwork. Learning, teaching, communicating, and making contact figure strongly now, or we meet with situations that encourage us to improve our skills in these areas.
VENUS IN VIRGO
This is a time when we express our love through practical means and gestures – running errands, doing detail work, or just being there. What we love, what we decide to buy and the types of entertainment we enjoy during this cycle are ruled by whether or not things make sense.
1ST DEGREE OF VIRGO
Part of Body: Duodenum
Sabian Symbol: In a portrait the best of a man’s traits are idealized.
ASPECTS OF VENUS
CONJUNCTION MARS Orb 8°18′ Applying
This is a passionate, lively, expressive influence. Social relations are impassioned, and perhaps demanding or combative. We may also feel compelled to do something creative or artistic. We have a chance to express our needs, passions, and desires now in effective ways. Venus can act to soften Mars’ aggressiveness, or Mars can make Venus’ romantic impulses more forceful and pressing. Some level of competition is present in our interactions. Impulsive purchases are possible.
SQUARE SATURN Orb 1°00′ Applying
Lack of spontaneity when it comes to expressions of affection and the pursuit of pleasure, likely due to insecurities or fear. We may be reserved, withdrawn, cautious, and tight with money and/or feelings. Feelings of being alone and not getting what we want/need can be experienced now.
OPPOSITION NEPTUNE Orb 6°40′ Applying
Conflict arises in your personal relationships because of your lack of discernment. You are caught in a web of fantasies and romantic illusions and become easily deceived in your close relationships. You need to find a creative outlet for your imagination.
MARS IN VIRGO
You will pursue your personal desires in a practical and methodical manner. You may be critical if opposed.
MARS IN THE 9TH HOUSE
You seek adventure through travel, study or religion. You are on a quest to explore the higher meaning of life.
ASPECTS OF MARS
CONJUNCTION JUPITER Orb 3°30′ Applying
You are generous, self confident and lucky. Your energy level is high and you are courageous. You have a tendency to go where angels fear to tread, as you approach life with gusto regardless of the consequences. Travel and religious causes are likely to feature in your life. You may like to consider a career in the military or competitive sports.
OPPOSITION NEPTUNE Orb 1°37′ Separating
This is a time for resting, escaping, or taking a break as we reconsider our needs. We might temporarily lose focus or direction.
TRINE PLUTO Orb 3°57′ Applying
Ambitions and determination increase to pursue our goals. It’s easier to see what we want and to devise a plan to pursue it. We may be focusing on redoing or reworking something from the ground up.
JUPITER IN VIRGO
You have a strong desire to be of service, and high religious or spiritual ideals. You may also have an obsession with detailed perfection.
13TH DEGREE OF VIRGO
Part of Body: Hepatic arteries
Sabian Symbol: A powerful statesman wins to his cause a hysterical mob.
ASPECTS OF JUPITER
OPPOSITION NEPTUNE Orb 5°08′ Separating
We may be misled easily under this influence–by others, or by our own unrealistic or inflated expectations. Routine seems to be particularly unsatisfying now, as we are inclined to want to find more meaning in what we’re doing.
TRINE PLUTO Orb 0°26′ Applying
You are enthusiastic about so many things, and have ambition to succeed. You naturally find yourself in leadership positions and react well to them.
OPPOSITION CHIRON Orb 5°25′ Applying
This can be a time when we are hungry for meaning and understanding, but it can be difficult to align ourselves with a personal philosophy or belief system that truly reflects our core. We might be led astray by beliefs and ideas now, or we might experience some form of crisis of faith.
SATURN IN SAGITTARIUS
Saturn in Sagittarius asks us to take on the responsibility of living according to our personal truths and principles, and to be loyal to these. This is a time for turning a critical eye to those beliefs and principles that don’t accurately reflect our authentic selves. (December 23, 2014 to June 14, 2015, then September 17, 2015 to December 20, 2017)
2ND DEGREE OF SAGITTARIUS
Part of Body: Pelvic girdle
Sabian Symbol: The ocean covered with whitecaps.
ASPECTS OF SATURN
SQUARE NEPTUNE Orb 5°39′ Applying
Some feelings of disillusionment can come now as our dreams and ideals can be put to the test. Questioning our faith in our dreams can lead to lack of follow-through or wasteful activities and avoidance of responsibilities. Ideally, this crisis leads to a realignment of material goals and spiritual ideals as we assess what is truly meaningful to us.
URANUS IN ARIES
The urge to start fresh, to break free from restrictive attitudes or circumstances, to totally redesign an area of our lives (or even our personalities), and to gain freedom through independence is strong during this cycle. (May 27, 2010 to August 13, 2010, then March 11th, 2011 to May 15, 2018, then November 6, 2018 to March 6, 2019).
19TH DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Corpus callosum cerebri
Sabian Symbol: The magic carpet.
ASPECTS OF URANUS
SQUARE PLUTO Orb 5°34′ Applying
Your generation works hard to use your power to right the wrongs you perceive in society. First you must learn to control that power in your own life.
NEPTUNE IN PISCES
A long-term influence in which fantasy, imagination, compassion, and spirituality are in stronger focus. (April 4, 2011 to August 4, 2011, then February 3, 2012 to March 30, 2025, then October 22, 2025 to January 26, 2026).
8TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Left talus
Sabian Symbol: A girl blowing a bugle.
PLUTO IN CAPRICORN
Tests of our boundaries; breaking down and rebuilding structures and rules. (From January 25, 2008 to June 14, 2008, then November 26, 2008 to March 23, 2023, then June 11, 2023 to January 20, 2024, then September 1, 2024 to November 19, 2024).
14TH DEGREE OF CAPRICORN
Part of Body: Right knee cartilage
Sabian Symbol: An ancient bas-relief carved in granite.
CHIRON IN PISCES
Strong awareness of our own vulnerabilities and humanity stimulates compassion for others. (April 20 to July 20, 2010, then February 8, 2011 to April 17, 2018, then September 25, 2018 to February 18, 2019).
19TH DEGREE OF PISCES
Part of Body: Extensor muscles of left toes
Sabian Symbol: A master instructing his pupil.
VESTA IN ARIES
This can be a time for grabbing the reins and working solo. There can be strong energy for new enterprises but not necessarily for routine work.
4TH DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Pineal Gland
Sabian Symbol: Two lovers strolling through a secluded walk.
PALLAS IN SAGITTARIUS
This is an idealistic position. We love to learn and share our ideas and beliefs with others, and will go to great lengths to defend our principles and to reveal our truths.
24TH DEGREE OF SAGITTARIUS
Part of Body: Popliteal fossa
Sabian Symbol: A bluebird standing at the door of the house.
JUNO IN LIBRA
It’s especially important to us that our partnerships are fair and balanced during this cycle, and we can be particularly bothered if the scales are tipping. We feel stronger if we are able to maintain harmony, negotiate effectively, and treat one another fairly.
9TH DEGREE OF LIBRA
Part of Body: Nerve supply to kidney and renal pelvis
Sabian Symbol: Three old masters hanging in an art gallery.
CERES IN CAPRICORN
You tend to look after yourself and others rather than seek nurturing. You feel nurtured when you achieve your ambitions. You teach others self-discipline and how to achieve their goals.
27TH DEGREE OF CAPRICORN
Part of Body: Deep nerves
Sabian Symbol: A mountain pilgrimage.
THE NORTH NODE
THE NORTH NODE IN LIBRA
This is a quest to learn co-operation. You have a tendency to want your own way and to force your opinions onto others. You need to develop selflessness, the ability to share and a sensitivity to the needs of other people.
2ND DEGREE OF LIBRA
Part of Body: Renal cortex
Sabian Symbol: The light of the sixth race transmuted to the seventh.
THE SOUTH NODE
THE SOUTH NODE IN ARIES
This is a quest to learn co-operation. You have a tendency to want your own way and to force your opinions onto others. You need to develop selflessness, the ability to share and a sensitivity to the needs of other people.
2ND DEGREE OF ARIES
Part of Body: Midbrain
Sabian Symbol: A comedian entertaining the group.
*** CONJUNCTIONS TO FIXED STARS ***
Transits 9 Oct 2015 – Event Chart
Aspects to Ven 00°Vi46 +09°22′
Cnj 00°Vi02 REGULUS*** Majestic, success, (revenge)
Aspects to Pal 23°Sg12 +07°57′
Cnj 22°Sg39 RAS ALHAGUE The desire to heal a wound.
Aspects to Jun 08°Li28 -00°52′
Cnj 09°Li09 DIADEM To sacrifice oneself.